Research Article Open Access

Numerical Study on the Performance Characteristics of Hydrogen Fueled Port Injection Internal Combustion Engine

Rosli A. Bakar1, Mohammed K. Mohammed1 and M. M. Rahman1
  • 1 University Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia


This study was focused on the engine performance of single cylinder hydrogen fueled port injection internal combustion engine. GT-Power was utilized to develop the model for port injection engine. One dimensional gas dynamics was represented the flow and heat transfer in the components of the engine model. The governing equations were introduced first, followed by the performance parameters and model description. Air-fuel ratio was varied from stoichiometric limit to a lean limit and the rotational speed varied from 2500 to 4500 rpm while the injector location was considered fixed in the midway of the intake port. The effects of air fuel ratio, crank angle and engine speed are presented in this study. From the acquired results show that the air-fuel ratio and engine speed were greatly influence on the performance of hydrogen fueled engine. It was shown that decreases the Brake Mean Effective Pressure (BMEP) and brake thermal efficiency with increases of the engine speed and air-fuel ratio however the increase the Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC) with increases the speed and air-fuel ratio. The cylinder temperature increases with increases of engine speed however temperature decreases with increases of air-fuel ratio. The pressure fluctuations increased substantially with increases of speed at intake port however rise of pressure at the end of the exhaust stroke lead to reverse flow into the cylinder past exhaust valve. The fluctuation amplitude responded to the engine speed in case of exhaust pressure were given less than the intake pressure. The volumetric efficiency increased with increases of engine speed and equivalent ratio. The volumetric efficiency of the hydrogen engines with port injection is a serious problem and reduces the overall performance of the engine. This emphasized the ability of retrofitting the traditional engines with hydrogen fuel with minor modifications.

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 2 No. 2, 2009, 407-415


Submitted On: 8 July 2008 Published On: 30 June 2009

How to Cite: Bakar, R. A., Mohammed, M. K. & Rahman, M. M. (2009). Numerical Study on the Performance Characteristics of Hydrogen Fueled Port Injection Internal Combustion Engine. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2(2), 407-415.

  • 5 Citations



  • Hydrogen fueled engine
  • port injection
  • air fuel ratio
  • engine speed
  • cranks angle
  • performance characteristics