Research Article Open Access

Optimal Location of Static Var Compensator Device for Damping Oscillations

M. W. Mustafa1 and N. Magaji1
  • 1 University Technology Malaysia, Malaysia


Problem statement: Static Var Compensators (SVC) devices are used to improve voltage and reactive power conditions in AC systems. An additional task of SVC is to increase transmission capacity as result of power oscillation damping. The effectiveness of this controller depends on its optimal location and proper signal selection in the power system network. A residue factor had been proposed to find the optimal location of the SVC controllers to damp out the inter-area mode of oscillations. Approach: The proposed residue factor was based on the relative participation of the parameters of SVC controller to the critical mode. A simple approach of computing the residue factor had been proposed, which combined the linearized differential algebraic equation model of the power system and the SVC output equations. Input-output controllability analyses were used to assess the most appropriate input signals (stabilizing signal) for SVC device. Results: The placements of SVC controller had been obtained for the base case as well as for the critical contingency cases. Conclusion: The effectiveness of the proposed method was demonstrated on 25 bus of south Malaysian power system.

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 2 No. 2, 2009, 353-359


Submitted On: 5 January 2009 Published On: 30 June 2009

How to Cite: Mustafa, M. W. & Magaji, N. (2009). Optimal Location of Static Var Compensator Device for Damping Oscillations. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2(2), 353-359.

  • 6 Citations



  • SVC
  • power system oscillations
  • linear models
  • eigenvalues
  • HSV
  • RHP zeros and residue factors