Research Article Open Access

The Polishing of Cutting-Edge Polymer-on-Glass for Pigtailing Preparation

Mohammad Syuhaimi Ab-Rahman1, Fazlinda Ab-Aziz1, Noor Azie Azura Mohd Arif1, Saiful Dzulkefly Zan1 and Seri Mastura Mustaza1
  • 1 University Kebangsaan Malaysia 43600 UKM Bangi, Malaysia


Problem statement: The high quality of cutting-edge surface is important in optical waveguide's efficiency. The perfect polishing of end surface is significant to deliver the best quality of light waves and minimize the device losses such as insertion loss and return loss. Hence, this research is concern on the parameters in polishing SU-8 polymer to increase the efficiency of waveguide. The main research is to study on how polishing parameter affect the cut length of the end surface of SU-8 polymer on silicon and determining the best parameters for polishing SU-8 polymer. Approach: Seven sets of rotation velocities were chosen which were 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300 and 350 rpm for the first part. The graph of cut length versus velocity at different sand paper size was plotted based on the data obtained from this experiment. Equation for each graph was acquired to determine relationship between these two parameters. For the second part, four samples were used. Each sample was polished with same rotation time and sandpaper size prescribed but with different rotation speed. Rotation speed is selected between 200 to 350 rpm with rotation time of 15 min using sandpaper with size of 0.3 μm. Results: We found that the cut percentage of each rotation velocity are as follows: 50 rpm: 0.5%, 100 rpm: 0.6-1.0%, 150 rpm: 3.8-4.8%, 200 rpm: 7.7-10.6%, 250 rpm: 15.7-18.3%, 300 rpm: 25.6-27.4%, 350 rpm: 40.0-43.7%. The rotation speed suitable for polishing SU-8 polymer is below 200 rpm and the rotation speed over the point (ex. 300 rpm) will cause cracking to the polymer although the silicon based layer look smooth. Conclusion: In this experiment it was found that the cut length increases as the rotation rate and the size of sand paper increased. It can also be concluded that polishing the sample at the speed of 200 rpm is the best polishing method for polymer SU-8 waveguide, at 15 min rotation time with the used of 0.3 m Aluminium oxide sandpaper size. Despites giving the smooth surface, it also reduces the cutting time. The SU-8 polymer is not suitable to be polished at a high rotation speed as the surface may damage.

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 2 No. 1, 2009, 127-132


Submitted On: 4 December 2008 Published On: 31 March 2009

How to Cite: Ab-Rahman, M. S., Ab-Aziz, F., Arif, N. A. A. M., Zan, S. D. & Mustaza, S. M. (2009). The Polishing of Cutting-Edge Polymer-on-Glass for Pigtailing Preparation. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2(1), 127-132.

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  • Waveguides polishing
  • SU-8 polymer
  • silicon substrate
  • rotation speed
  • sandpaper
  • length of cut