Research Article Open Access

Effect of Pulsating Circular Hot Air Jet Frequencies on Local and Average Nusselt Number

Rozli Zulkifli1, Kamaruzzaman Sopian1, Shahrir Abdullah1 and Mohd Sobri Takriff1
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American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 1 No. 1, 2008, 57-61

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2008.57.61

Submitted On: 12 June 2008 Published On: 31 March 2008

How to Cite: Zulkifli, R., Sopian, K., Abdullah, S. & Takriff, M. S. (2008). Effect of Pulsating Circular Hot Air Jet Frequencies on Local and Average Nusselt Number . American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 1(1), 57-61. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2008.57.61

Abstract

The study was carried out to determine the effect of pulsating frequencies on the local and average heat transfer characteristic of a heated circular air jet. The velocity profile of a heated circular pulsating air jet was measured in the first part of the study. The same set-up was used to measure the heat flux of the pulsating jet impinging on a wall. The heat flux of the heated air jet impinging on the plate was measured using a heat flux microsensor at different radial positions. Measurement of the heat flux was used to calculate the average and local Nusselt Number for different pulsating frequencies and at different flow Reynolds Number. The pulsating frequencies were between 10-80 Hz and the Reynolds number used were 16 000, 23 300 and 32 000. Results obtained show that the local Nusselt number calculated were higher at all radial position away from the stagnation point. The pulsed jet Nusselt number was higher than the average steady jet Nusselt number for all values of frequencies due to the higher localised heat transfer. The higher Nusselt number obtained at localized radial positions can be due to the higher instantaneous velocity as was shown from the velocity profile plotted in the first part of the experiment. Enhanced turbulence intensity found was due to the pulsed jet.

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Keywords

  • Pulsating air jet
  • jet frequency
  • Nusselt number
  • heat transfer coefficient