Research Article Open Access

Behavior of Stabilized Peat Soils in Unconfined Compression Tests

Wong Leong Sing1, Roslan Hashim1 and Faisal Haji Ali1
  • 1 University of Malaya, Malaysia


Problem statement: Deep stabilized peat columns were known to be economical at forming foundations to support highway embankments constructed on deep peat land. However, failure in the formation of the columns with adequate strength was often attributed to unsuitable type and insufficient dosage of binder added to the soil. Organic matter in peat was known to impede the cementing process in the soil, thus retarding the early strength gain of stabilized peat. Approach: To evaluate the strength characteristics of stabilized peat, laboratory investigation on early strength gain of the stabilized soil was conducted to formulate a suitable and economical mix design that could be effectively used for the soil stabilization. To achieve such purpose, the study examined the effect of binder, sodium chloride as cement accelerator and siliceous sand as filler on the unconfined compressive strength of stabilized peat soils after 7 days of curing. Binders used to stabilize the peat were Ordinary Portland cement, ground granulated blast furnace slag, sodium bentonite, kaolinite, lime and bentonite. All the stabilized peat specimens were tested using unconfined compression apparatus. Results: The test results revealed that the stabilized peat specimen (80% OPC: 10% GGBS: 10% SB) with addition of 4% sodium chloride by weight of binder and 50% well graded siliceous sand by volume of wet peat at 300 kg m-3 binder dosage yielded the highest unconfined compressive strength of 196 kPa. Such finding implied that the higher the dosage of siliceous sand in stabilized peat, the more solid particles were available for the binder to unite and form a load sustainable stabilized peat. Conclusions/Recommendations: It could be summarized that as the rate of hydration process of stabilized peat was accelerated by inclusion of sodium chloride, the solid particles contributed to the hardening of stabilized peat by providing the cementation bonds to form between contact points of the particles.

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 1 No. 4, 2008, 274-279


Submitted On: 29 September 2008 Published On: 31 December 2008

How to Cite: Sing, W. L., Hashim, R. & Ali, F. H. (2008). Behavior of Stabilized Peat Soils in Unconfined Compression Tests. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 1(4), 274-279.

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  • Organic matter
  • binder
  • sodium chloride
  • siliceous sand
  • unconfined compressive strength