Review Article Open Access

Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR): A Novel Agent for Sustainable Food Production

Odoh Chuks Kenneth1, Eze Chibuzor Nwadibe1, Akpi Uchenna Kalu1 and Unah Victor Unah1
  • 1 Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, 410001, Enugu, Nigeria


Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) involves the use of large array of soil bacteria to improve yield, plant growth and sustainable food production. As free living and symbiotic rhizobacteria, PGPR exert its role by colonizing extracellular and/or intracellular rhizoenvironment in the quest for carbon source. In the past decades, focus has been on developing a biosafety agro base approach void of continuous burden on soil micro flora as a result of agrochemicals application. However, with clear understanding of PGPR mechanisms of action “biocontrol, biofertilization and biostimulation”, more hope on the possibility of curbing food insecurity amidst rising population has been strengthened. Seeds or soil application of PGPR inoculants enhances phosphates solubilization, biological nitrogen fixation and secretion of plant hormones (indole acetic acid, gibberellins, cytokinins and ethylene) needed for growth and adaptation in stressed environment. As soil pathogen constantly rival the roles of these organisms, PGPR has developed over time wide spectrum of strategies in the form of systemic resistance, iron, space and nutrient competition, antibiotics synthesis, lytic acid production and hydrogen cyanide for efficient food production. In view of this, the review broadens our scope on the use of PGPR as an efficient microbial consortium for enhanced agrobiology and sustenance especially in the tropics were paucity of data on its use, implementation and application of genetically modified organisms has long prevailed.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 14 No. 1, 2019, 35-54


Submitted On: 12 November 2017 Published On: 19 April 2018

How to Cite: Kenneth, O. C., Nwadibe, E. C., Kalu, A. U. & Unah, U. V. (2019). Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR): A Novel Agent for Sustainable Food Production. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 14(1), 35-54.

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  • Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR)
  • Biofertilization
  • Biostimulation
  • Biocontrol
  • Sustainable Food Production