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Traditional Fishermen in Rote Island: An Alternative Livelihood to Illegal Fishing Activities in the Indonesian-Australian Transboundary Waters

Fred Benu1, Paul G. King2, AgusNalle 1 and Moni Muskanan1
  • 1 Nusa Cendana University, Indonesia
  • 2 Griffith University, Australia

Abstract

At the moment there are about 210 Indonesian fishermen, many from Rote Island, the majority from the village of Papela, still detained in Australia Detention Centres for carrying on illegal fishing activities in the Australian Exclusive Economic Zone. These fishing activities are not driven by economic factors only, but also by their historical background. By understanding the economic, historical and socio-cultural background of the fishermen, a comprehensive solution for illegal fishing might be established. This research aims to ascertain an alternative economic activity for the fishermen that can give increased job opportunities for the fishermen to attain a sustainable livelihood as part of sustainable economic development. This research has used qualitative and quantitative analysis techniques including stakeholder interviews, descriptive researcher observations, a household survey and Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM). The results of the research show that; (i) since the beginning of the 17th century, the traditional fishermen of Papela have made regular offshore fishing trips to waters that are now within the Australian Exclusive Economic Zone; (ii) based on socio-cultural assessment and economic calculations, a salt pond business is an efficient business with comparative advantages for the Papela fishermen as an alternative source of income; and (iii) even though, a salt pond business has economic potential and has already been conducted by a small number of people in Papela, the government’s will to support the salt farmer seems weak.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 13 No. 1, 2018, 64-76

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2018.64.76

Submitted On: 4 May 2018 Published On: 27 July 2018

How to Cite: Benu, F., King, P. G., A. & Muskanan, M. (2018). Traditional Fishermen in Rote Island: An Alternative Livelihood to Illegal Fishing Activities in the Indonesian-Australian Transboundary Waters. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 13(1), 64-76. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2018.64.76

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Keywords

  • Illegal Fishing
  • Socio-Cultural Values
  • Historical Background
  • Economic Development
  • Alternative Livelihood
  • Policy Analysis Matrix
  • Sustainable Development