Research Article Open Access

Determinants Factors of Agricultural Extension Services Performance and Impacts on Farmers' Behavior

Muh. Hatta Jamil1, Amri Jahi2, Muhammad Arsyad1, Ma’mun Sarma3, I. Gusti Putu Purnaba4, Ni Made Viantika1, Rachmawaty A. Nadja1, A. Nixia Tenriawaru1 and Mohamad Ikbal Bahua5
  • 1 Department of Socio-economics of Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • 2 Department of Development Extension, Graduate School, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia
  • 3 Department of Management, Faculty of Economic and Management, Bogor Agricultural University West Java, Indonesia
  • 4 Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, West Java, Indonesia
  • 5 Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Gorontalo State University, Gorontalo, Indonesia


Agricultural extension plays an important role in improving the quality of human resources, also it function as a learning process for the main actors so that farmer will be able to help and organize themselves in accessing market information, technology, capital and other resources. Problem that arise among stakeholders have been widely debated.  Since then, determinant factor of Agricultural Extension Services (BPP) performance should be identified and how it will impact on farmers behaviour. There is a strong assumption that, BPP performance will affect agricultural development, but it is very difficult to determine by factors. The research objectives were to analyze determinants of BPP performance and impact on farmers behaviour. This research was conducted in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia by selecting 109 BPP based on Slovin Method. The analysis analized with Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) using LISREL software. The results showed that development of  BPP; management BPP, human resources, assisted farmers, resource of BPP, adaptation of BPP are positively affect Action Program of BPP. In addition, these determinants affect farmers behaviour in terms of farmers competency and participation through indirectly action program. This leads to argue that in order to improve farmers behaviour (improving competency and participation), it is needed to step up performance of BPP (making action program properly, in other words) through extension program improvement, groups activity plan and operational cost management.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 12 No. 1, 2017, 33-38


Submitted On: 13 August 2016 Published On: 2 February 2017

How to Cite: Jamil, M. H., Jahi, A., Arsyad, M., Sarma, M., Purnaba, I. G. P., Viantika, N. M., Nadja, R. A., Tenriawaru, A. N. & Bahua, M. I. (2017). Determinants Factors of Agricultural Extension Services Performance and Impacts on Farmers' Behavior. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 12(1), 33-38.

  • 3 Citations



  • Agricultural Extension
  • Extension Center Performance
  • Action Program
  • Farmers Behaviors
  • Determinant of Performance