Research Article Open Access

GIS Mapping of Basal Stem Rot Disease in Relation to Soil Series Among Oil Palm Smallholders

K. Parthiban1, R. Vanitah2, K. Jusoff3, A. A. Nordiana4, A. R. Anuar5, O. Wahid6 and A. B. Hamdan6
  • 1 Extension Services Unit, Integration Research and Extension Division, Malaysian Palm Oil Board, No 6, Persiaran Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • 2 Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • 3 Information Technology and Corporate Services Division, Malaysian Palm Oil Board, No 6, Persiaran Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • 4 Agronomy and Geospatial Technology Unit, Biological Research Division, Malaysian Palm Oil Board, No 6, Persiaran Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • 5 Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • 6 Integration Research and Extension Division, Malaysian Palm Oil Board, No 6 , Persiaran Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia

Abstract

Basal Stem Rot (BSR) is a disease caused by fungus which affect oil palm tree. This study aims to visualize the geographical distribution of BSR incidence among oil palm smallholders in Selangor using Geographical Information System (GIS) and its relationship to the type of soil series. The geographical distribution of BSR incidence of smallholders in Selangor were mapped using 168 Global Positioning System (GPS) coordinate of possible infected area. The methodology followed in finding the relationship between BSR and soil series by assigning percentage of BSR incidence based on type of soil series. Majority of the BSR incidences were found to be confined to the Selangor-Kangkong (Aeric Tropic Fluvaquent-Typic sulfuric tropic fluvaquent) soil series followed on Peat (Typic Fibric Tropohemist) soil then Kranji (Typic Sulfaquents) soil series and finally the Briah-Organic Clay and Muck (Typic Tropic Fluvaquent) soil series. Distribution pattern of the BSR revealed that most of the incidences were confined along the coastal area which might be due to the planting of oil palm in previous coconut stands. Low pH of Selangor (Aeric Tropic Fluvaquent) and Peat (Typic Fibric Tropohemist) soil series shows a higher BSR incidence while high pH of Kranji (Typic Sulfaquents) and Briah (Typic Tropic Fluvaquent) soil series shows slightly lower BSR incidence. From this study, it can be concluded that the distribution of BSR were mostly confined to the coastal areas which might be due to the planting of oil palm in previous coconut stands rather than any relationship with the type of soil series. This distribution map of BSR incidence can be used to deliver effective extension services regarding BSR to smallholders with a specified target based on location and soil series.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 11 No. 1, 2016, 2-12

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2016.2.12

Submitted On: 19 March 2015 Published On: 5 January 2016

How to Cite: Parthiban, K., Vanitah, R., Jusoff, K., Nordiana, A. A., Anuar, A. R., Wahid, O. & Hamdan, A. B. (2016). GIS Mapping of Basal Stem Rot Disease in Relation to Soil Series Among Oil Palm Smallholders. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 11(1), 2-12. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2016.2.12

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Keywords

  • GIS Mapping
  • Basal Stem Rot Disease
  • Soil
  • Oil Palm