Research Article Open Access

IN-SEASON ASSESSMENT OF WHEAT CROP HEALTH USING VEGETATION INDICES BASED ON GROUND MEASURED HYPER SPECTRAL DATA

Khalid Ali Al-Gaadi1, Virupakshagouda Patil1, ElKamil Tola1, Rangaswamy Madugundu1 and Samy Marey1
  • 1 King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

An experiment on a 50 ha center pivot field was conducted to determine the Vegetation Indices (VI’s) that were helpful in assessing the in-season performance of wheat crop treated with graded levels of irrigation water and fertilizers. The irrigation levels were at 100, 90, 80 and 70% evapotranspiration (ETc); however, the fertilizer levels of N: P: K kg-1ha included 300:150:200 (low); 400:250:300 (medium) and 500:300:300 (High). The crop was sown on January 1st and harvested on May 9th, 2012. Temporal data on biophysical parameters and reflectance of the crop in hyper spectral bands (350-2500 nm) were collected at booting and ripening growth stages (February 17th and April 5th, 2012). Results of the study revealed that many of the tested spectral indices showed significant response to irrigation levels. Out of those, only two spectral indices (Plant Senescence Reflectance Index ’PSRI’ and Photochemical Reflectance Index ’PRI’) also exhibited significant response to fertilizer levels. The Middle Infrared-Based Vegetation Index (MIVI) showed a significant response to the irrigation levels for both sampling dates. Among the tested spectral indices, Normalized Difference Infrared Index (NDII) and Normalized Difference Nitrogen Index (NDNI) exhibited the highest correlation to crop Leaf Area Index (LAI). Five indices showed the most response to wheat grain yield. These indices included Near Infrared band (NIR), Water Band Index (WBI), Normalized Water Index-1 (NWI-1), Normalized Water Index-3 (NWI-3) and Normalized Water Index-4 (NWI-4).

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 9 No. 2, 2014, 138-146

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2014.138.146

Submitted On: 9 December 2013 Published On: 7 January 2014

How to Cite: Al-Gaadi, K. A., Patil, V., Tola, E., Madugundu, R. & Marey, S. (2014). IN-SEASON ASSESSMENT OF WHEAT CROP HEALTH USING VEGETATION INDICES BASED ON GROUND MEASURED HYPER SPECTRAL DATA. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 9(2), 138-146. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2014.138.146

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Keywords

  • Remote Sensing
  • Spectral Reflectance
  • Vegetation Indices
  • Wheat