Research Article Open Access

Drying Characteristics of the Borneo Canarium odontophyllum (Dabai) Fruit

Dayang Fredalina Basri1, Ahmad Fudholi2 and Mohd Hafidz Ruslan2
  • 1 Biomedical Science Programme, School of Diagnostic and Applied Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 2 Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI), University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, 43600, Selangor, Malaysia


The quality and shelf-life of an underutilized fruits are compromised by the conventional method of drying. We therefore proposed using hot-air chamber to develop the drying curves of Canarium odontophyllum (dabai) fruit. Present study provides evidence of the best mathematical model to demonstrate the drying characteristics of this indigenous fruit and thus, may generate or add to the existing database. The drying experiments were performed at three different relative humidity of 10, 20 and 30% and a constant air velocity of 1 m sec-1. Drying kinetics of C. odontophyllum fruit were investigated and obtained. A non-linear regression procedure was used to fit three different one-term exponential models of thin layer drying models. The models were compared with experimental data of C. odontophyllum fruit drying at air temperature of 55°C. The fit quality of the models was evaluated using the coefficient of determination (R2), Mean Bias Error (MBE) and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE). The highest value of R2 obtained was 0.9348, the lowest MBE value was 0.0018 and the value for RMSE was 0.0420. Page model is the best mathematical model to describe the drying behavior of C. odontophyllum fruit.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 7 No. 3, 2012, 347-356


Submitted On: 18 July 2012 Published On: 5 September 2012

How to Cite: Basri, D. F., Fudholi, A. & Ruslan, M. H. (2012). Drying Characteristics of the Borneo Canarium odontophyllum (Dabai) Fruit. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 7(3), 347-356.

  • 18 Citations



  • Drying Kinetics
  • Canarium Odontophyllum
  • Dabai Fruit
  • Hot-Air Chamber
  • Mathematical Modelling