Research Article Open Access

Implications of Method Chosen for Analysis of Fatty Acids in Meat: A Review

Livia Facuri Araujo Macedo1, Ellen Cristina Quirino Lacerda1, Roberio Rodrigues Silva1, Julliana Izabelle Simionato1, Mayka Reghiany Pedrao2, Fabio Augusto Garcia Coro2 and Nilson Evelazio de Souza2
  • 1 Department of Basic Studies and Instrumental, State University Southwest of Bahia, Praça Primavera, 40, Itapetinga, 45700-000, Brazil
  • 2 Departtment of Food Technology, University of Paraná, Rua dos Pioneiros, 3131, Londrina, 860356-370, Paraná, Brazil

Abstract

The influence of the beef Fatty Acid (FA) profile on human health, has become a recurring concern. For an analysis of the lipid composition of food, it is necessary that the complex lipids be quantified in a suitable form for subsequent analysis of their composition by gas chromatography. The choice of appropriate methods of lipid extraction and esterification of fatty acids, is important in preventing chemical changes from within occurring in these molecules and the forming of artifacts. Among the methods used for quantification of lipids, those that use a mixture of polar and nonpolar solvents separate the lipids in the sample of the non-lipid components. As these methods were carried at ambient temperature, they most suitable for further analysis of the FA profile. These methods were extracted lipids efficiently and did not alter their chemical constitution. The methods of derivation of fatty acids for esterification could be catalyzed by acids or bases. The method was chosen to convert the lipids in Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) and allow their analysis by gas chromatography, should not lead to incomplete conversion of lipids into their FAME or form artifacts. The reagents commonly used in the transesterification of triacylglycerols in meat samples were the hydroxides of sodium or potassium hydroxide in methanol. Transesterification with these reagents could be developed at room temperature in a short period of time. It becomes a reliable technique for the identification of isomers of fatty acids such as conjugated linoleic acid. No single method performs optimally in all situations. The researcher must know the nature of the sample and select the appropriate method.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 7 No. 3, 2012, 278-284

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2012.278.284

Submitted On: 14 May 2012 Published On: 9 July 2012

How to Cite: Macedo, L. F. A., Lacerda, E. C. Q., Silva, R. R., Simionato, J. I., Pedrao, M. R., Coro, F. A. G. & de Souza, N. E. (2012). Implications of Method Chosen for Analysis of Fatty Acids in Meat: A Review. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 7(3), 278-284. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2012.278.284

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Keywords

  • Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME)
  • Fatty Acid (FA)
  • Solvents Separate
  • Conjugated Linoleic
  • Extract Lipids
  • Gas Chromatography
  • Reagents Commonly
  • Transesterification of Triacylglycerols