Research Article Open Access

Secondary Metabolite Changes in Pecan (Carya illinoensis) Tissue Damaged by Euplatypus segnis Chapuis and Associated Fungi

Ramon Alvidrez-Villarreal1, Francisco Daniel Hernandez-Castillo1, Oswaldo Garcia-Martinez1, Rosalinda Mendoza-Villarreal1, Raul Rodriguez Herrera2 and Cristobal N. Aguilar Gonzalez2
  • 1 Department of Agricultural Parasitology, Universidad Autonoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Calzada Antonio Narro 1923, Buenavista, 25315 Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico
  • 2 Food Research Department, School of Chemistry, Universidad Autonoma de Coahuila, 25000 Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico

Abstract

Problem statement: The borer insect Euplatypus segnis Chapuis is associated to Fusarium solani, Fusarium oxysporum, Alternariaalternata and Botryodiplodia theobromae fungi which produce regressive death in pecan (Carya illinoensis) trees. In the Mexico northern have been reported loses estimatesof more than 20% in production by the combination of insects and phyto-pathogen organisms. It also has been observed that some trees can survive with or without chemical treatment. Approach: The aim of present study was to determine the biochemical changes (contained of nitrogen, crude protein, terpen, condensed and hydrolyzable tannins, cellulose, lignin and silicium) in tissue of pecan trees cv. Western colonized by Ambrosia Borer (Euplatypus segnis Chapuis) and associated fungi complex. Three damaged trees and three healthy trees were sampled in three different plantations in each one of three Coahuila State localities. The responses variables were analyzed under a nested design, Tukey s test (p<0.05) was used to compare mean treatment differences. Results: Dataindicated that content of: terpenes, hydrolyzables tannins, cellulose, lignin and silicium increased significantly in the damaged trees in comparison to healthy trees. Conclusion: This results allowed inferring that these components increased as a chemical defense answer to insect invasion and to the enzymatic action of the associated phyto-pathogenic fungi.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 6 No. 4, 2011, 553-559

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2011.553.559

Submitted On: 6 December 2011 Published On: 31 December 2011

How to Cite: Alvidrez-Villarreal, R., Hernandez-Castillo, F. D., Garcia-Martinez, O., Mendoza-Villarreal, R., Herrera, R. R. & Gonzalez, C. N. A. (2011). Secondary Metabolite Changes in Pecan (Carya illinoensis) Tissue Damaged by Euplatypus segnis Chapuis and Associated Fungi. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 6(4), 553-559. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2011.553.559

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Keywords

  • Characterization
  • identification
  • borer insect
  • Carya illinoensis