Research Article Open Access

Morphological Characterization and Variation in the Total Content of Reducing Sugars in Wild Populations of Agave angustifolia Haw

Martin Esqueda1, Aldo Gutierrez1, Guadalupe Palomino2, Abisai Garcia-Mendoza2 and Teresa Terrazas3
  • 1 Centre for Food Research and Development, A.C., Km 0.6 Road to La Victoria, 83304 Hermosillo, Mexico
  • 2 Botanical Garden, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico
  • 3 Department of Botany, Institute of Biology, National Autonomous University of Mexico, 3th External Circuit, Coyoacan Delegation, 04510, D.F., Mexico

Abstract

Problem statement: Bacanora, a spirit, is distilled from wild populations of Agave angustifolia Haw. Loss of biodiversity must be taken into account when proposing sustainable management actions for this resource. In this study we identified the morphological variants of this species, as well as the weight and Total Content of Reducing Sugars (TRS) in the stem of the agave. Approach: Twenty-three morphometric variables were measured in three wild populations of A. angustifolia distributed along the western slopes of the Sierra Madre Mountain Range in Sonora, Mexico. The relationship of plant weight to stem TRS was evaluated using multivariate analyses. Results: Canonical discriminate analysis explained 100% of the morphological variation with just two canonical variables (p<0.01) and the Mahalanobis distances support the finding of significant differences among the three populations. TRS content did not vary significantly among populations, but did differ between individuals (p<0.01). Cluster analysis then revealed eight groups of morphologically related plants. Conclusion: Based on this analysis and previous studies of genetic variability and cytogenetic on the same individuals, morphologically and genetically related groups of agave were detected and also had heavier stems and a higher TRS content. These plants can be considered the basis for the selection of germplasm.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 6 No. 4, 2011, 462-468

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2011.462.468

Submitted On: 24 May 2011 Published On: 21 October 2011

How to Cite: Esqueda, M., Gutierrez, A., Palomino, G., Garcia-Mendoza, A. & Terrazas, T. (2011). Morphological Characterization and Variation in the Total Content of Reducing Sugars in Wild Populations of Agave angustifolia Haw. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 6(4), 462-468. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2011.462.468

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Keywords

  • Agave angustifolia
  • morphological variability
  • total reducing sugars
  • wild populations
  • chroma values
  • cluster analysis
  • Denomination of Origin (DO)
  • Genetic Similarity Index (GSI)