Research Article Open Access

Rising Food Insecurity: Dimensions in Farm Households

Okezie Chukwukere Austin1, Aloysius Chidi Nwosu1 and Amir Hussin Baharuddin2
  • 1 Department of Agricultural Economics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria
  • 2 Department of Economics, School of Social Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia


Problem statement: Nigeria runs the risk of slowing further progress toward the achievement of MDG-1 to eradicate extreme hunger and poverty; the fourth goal, to reduce child mortality since over 30% of child deaths are attributable to malnutrition and the fifth goal relating to reduction in maternal mortality. This study evaluated the manifestation of food insecurity in households in Abia State, Nigeria. Approach: Systematic sampling was adopted in selecting households from the three geopolitical zones in the state. Primary and secondary data were used in the study. Data collection involved the use of structured questionnaires. Food intake, height and weight measures of children were taken Data analysis in involved the use of qualitative and quantitative methods. Results: Domestic food production is increasing but demand remained above production. The shortfall along with food import is on the increase. The composite consumer price index for food has continued to rise over the years. Logistic results show that income significantly reduced exposure to food insecurity while household size was an important determinant of food security. Children were more exposed to the incidence of growth retardation and stunting with increasing household size. Birth order increases the incidence of stunting. As more children come into the family there is increasing marginalization of the subsequent ones. Conclusion: Food insecurity is a developmental challenge in Nigeria. The country is characterized by high food imports and declining productivity of agriculture. Malnutrition is widespread especially among children in rural Nigeria. The study recommends family planning education to stern the over bloated population.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 6 No. 3, 2011, 403-409


Submitted On: 3 June 2011 Published On: 16 August 2011

How to Cite: Austin, O. C., Nwosu, A. C. & Baharuddin, A. H. (2011). Rising Food Insecurity: Dimensions in Farm Households. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 6(3), 403-409.

  • 2 Citations



  • Food insecurity
  • malnutrition
  • farm
  • households