Research Article Open Access

Leaf Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Gas Exchange Response to Different Light Levels in Platycerium bifurcatum

Ruzana-Adibah Mohd Sanusi1, Ainuddin Ahmad Nuruddin2 and Hazandy Abdul Hamid2
  • 1 Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
  • 2 Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products, University Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia


Problem Statement: Platycerium bifurcatum (Cav.) C. Chr. is epiphytes which lives in forest canopy and commonly used for its ornamental value. In these environments, they were always exposed to many types of stresses such as high light intensity. Light intensity plays an important role in affecting plant’s physiological performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate physiological responses of P. bifurcatum to light stress. Approach: In this study, P. bifurcatum were grown under four different Photosynthetic Active Radiation (PAR) levels which were 20 µmol m-2 s-1 (T1), 70 µmol m-2 s-1 (T2), 200 µmol m-2 s-1 (T3) and 1500 µmol m-2 s-1 (T4). Leaf gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence were used to evaluate the stress response of various levels of light intensity. All measurements were carried out on weekly basis for twelve weeks. Results: Results showed that Anet value of T1, T2 and T3 in the range near to the average Anet value for most epiphytes. Conversely, T4 showed lower value in Anet with 1.797 µmol CO2 m-2 s-1. Fv/Fm ratio in T3 and T4 were below 0.8 indicates that there was a sign of stress occurred in these treatments. However Anet of T3 was not affected although there have been event of photoinhibition observed in the treatment. On the contrary, T4 was fully affected by high light intensity as there was a reduction of Fv/Fm ratio and also Anet. T1 and T2 of Anet and Fv/Fm ratio values ranged of unstressed plants after subjected to light treatment. Conclusion: Measurement of leaf chlorophyll fluorescence and gas exchange are useful to detection of light stress in P. bifurcatum. Different levels of light intensity were significantly affecting physiological attributes of P. bifurcatum.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 6 No. 2, 2011, 214-220


Submitted On: 23 January 2011 Published On: 6 June 2011

How to Cite: Sanusi, R. M., Nuruddin, A. A. & Hamid, H. A. (2011). Leaf Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Gas Exchange Response to Different Light Levels in Platycerium bifurcatum. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 6(2), 214-220.

  • 16 Citations



  • Epiphytic Fern
  • Environmental Stress
  • Light Intensity
  • Photochemical Efficiency
  • Tree Canopy
  • Physiological Attributes
  • Plant Chlorophyll Fluorescence
  • Platycerium Bifurcatum
  • Photosynthetic Active Radiation (PAR)