Research Article Open Access

Effective Factors in Achieving Sustainable Agriculture

Tahereh Sharghi1, Hassan Sedighi2 and Abdolreza Roknoddin Eftekhari3
  • 1 Department of Agricultural economics and management, Faculty of agriculture, Payame Noor University, Iran
  • 2 Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran
  • 3 Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran


Problem statement: The indiscriminate use of chemical inputs led to severe degradation of resources in Iran. Therefore, considering the increasing population and growing demand of agricultural products, it seems necessary to achieve a sustainable agriculture. In this study, sustainable agriculture refers to a kind of agriculture which is ecologically appropriate, economically justifiable, and socially desirable. Approach: There were two objectives for this study .The first objective of this study was to identify the effective factors in achieving sustainable agriculture. The second objective was to categorize the effective factors in achieving sustainable agriculture. In this study the Delphi technique has been used. Sustainable agriculture expert researchers of statistical and related issues were 56 scholars selected from the experts in the research centers of Tehran and Yazd provinces. The instruments used in data collection were three series of questionnaires sent to the researchers via email, fax and mail. Results: Findings have shown that the researchers have identified effective factors in achieving sustainable agriculture in Iran as the sections of Infrastructure, policy-making, economy, society, participation, research, extension and education. From the 35 factors exposed to the researchers, the factors of attainment of researches related to sustainable agriculture by agricultural research institutions in Iran, Interaction and participation of researchers, extension educators, farmers and policy-makers of sustainable agriculture, attempt to give priority to those who are the most appropriate from the standpoint of practically creating interactive, logical as well as flexible planning system between different sections dealing with sustainable agriculture have gained the agreement of 100% researchers. Conclusion: The important conclusion is that the communication between extension, farmers and policymaker should be strengthened. So extension organization should attempt to promote working relationships with research institution, NGOs, agricultural institutions and decision-making systems of policymakers and putting efforts to use participatory approaches in this respect.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 5 No. 2, 2010, 235-241


Submitted On: 7 November 2009 Published On: 30 June 2010

How to Cite: Sharghi, T., Sedighi, H. & Eftekhari, A. R. (2010). Effective Factors in Achieving Sustainable Agriculture. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 5(2), 235-241.

  • 50 Citations



  • Sustainable agriculture
  • Iranian researchers
  • effective factors
  • Delphi method