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Anti-Phytopthora capsici Activities and Potential Use as Antifungal in Agriculture of Alpinia galanga Swartz, Curcuma longa Linn, Boesenbergia pandurata Schut and Chromolaena odorata: Bioactivities Guided Isolation of Active Ingredients

Wilart Pompimon1, Jinnantina Jomduang2, Uma Prawat3 and Samlee Mankhetkorn4
  • 1 Laboratory of Natural Products, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Lampang Rajabhat University, Lampang, 52100, Thailand
  • 2 Lampang Agricultural Research and Training Center, Rajamangala University of Technology Lanna, P.O. Box 89, Muang District, Lampang 52000, Thailand
  • 3 Department of Chemistry, Laboratory of Natural Products, Faculty of Science and Technology, Phuket Rajabhat University, Phuket, 83000, Thailand
  • 4 Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology, Department of Radiologic Technology, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Center of Excellence for Molecular Imaging, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand

Abstract

Problem statement: Plant derived fungicides are now being subjects of many research groups. These secondary metabolites have enormous potential to inspire and influence modern agrochemical research. The study aimed to investigate the antifungal activity and their potential use as fungicides in the agriculture of crude extracts and purified compounds derived from plants used in traditional medicines. Approach: Four medicinal plants including A. galanga, C. longa, B. pandurata and C. odorata were selected and percolated with hexane, ethyl acetate, acetone or methanol. The extracts were purified and elucidated their chemical structures. Disc mycelial growth inhibition was applied in order to determine their anti P. capsici activity and the field study was performed to determine their potential use in controlling fungal infection in chili plants compared with commercial fungicides such as captan and bio-control Trichoderma virens. Results: All crude extract inhibited mycelial growth of the fungus performed with similar efficacy. ED90 was equal to 300 ppm. Among plants studied B. pandurata was the most potent against P. capsici. The proposed active ingredients were pinostrobin and pinocembrin. In the field study, pinocembrin mediated the same anti P. capsici activity as captan. B. pandurata can protect chili from infection, thus increasing crop yield of chili comparable to Trichoderma virens. Conclusion: The results clearly showed that the extracts of the four plants studied could be considered as potential sources of novel fungicides. Particularly, B. pandurata has a very high potential as raw material for developing the antifungal molecule of non-petrochemical, naturally eco-friendly, easily obtainable and not toxic to human beings and environment, at least for use in chili growing.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 4 No. 1, 2009, 83-91

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2009.83.91

Submitted On: 1 September 2008 Published On: 31 March 2009

How to Cite: Pompimon, W., Jomduang, J., Prawat, U. & Mankhetkorn, S. (2009). Anti-Phytopthora capsici Activities and Potential Use as Antifungal in Agriculture of Alpinia galanga Swartz, Curcuma longa Linn, Boesenbergia pandurata Schut and Chromolaena odorata: Bioactivities Guided Isolation of Active Ingredients. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 4(1), 83-91. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2009.83.91

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Keywords

  • Phytophthora capsici
  • Alpinia galanga swartz
  • Curcuma longa linn
  • Boesenbergia
  • pandurata schut
  • Chromolaena odorata
  • fungicides