Research Article Open Access

Reorganization of Agricultural Extension toward Green Agriculture

Mohammad S. Allahyari1
  • 1 College of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Rasht, Iran


Problem statement: Considering unsustainable agricultural conditions of Iran and organizational recession and inability of current extension organization to achieve sustainability, it seems that extension systems require a new organizational structure to achieve sustainability objectives. The purpose of the present study was to identify the most appropriate characteristics for extension organization toward green agriculture in Iran context. Approach: To fulfill this objective, a sample of 120 respondents was selected through simple random sampling technique. A survey study was applied as a methodology of research. A mailed questionnaire was used to collect the data. The response rate of questionnaire was 65.83% (N = 79). Appropriate descriptive statistics such as mean scores, standard deviations and variation ratio were used. Results: Extension experts believed that among important organizational characteristics of extension system for supporting green agriculture collaboration among research, extension, education organizations, farmers' associations, NGOs, rural credit agencies, transportation companies, considering local groups and learning organization had very high importance for supporting green agriculture. According to factor analysis, the implications for extension organization were categorized into two groups consisting: (1) Holistic organizations (2) Participatory organizations that those factors explained 67.54% of the total variance of the research variables. Conclusion: Identifying suitable extension mechanisms had important role for developing extension system. Therefore, identifying extension organizational characteristics for supporting green agriculture of Iran is one of the major approaches needs to be carefully thought and accurately implemented for the extension system development.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 4 No. 2, 2009, 105-109


Submitted On: 15 February 2009 Published On: 30 June 2009

How to Cite: Allahyari, M. S. (2009). Reorganization of Agricultural Extension toward Green Agriculture. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 4(2), 105-109.

  • 12 Citations



  • Extension organization
  • green agriculture
  • sustainability
  • Iran