Research Article Open Access

Pollen Flavonoid/Phenolic Acid Composition of Four Species of Cactaceae and its Taxonomic Significance

Norma Almaraz-Abarca1, MarÍa G. Campos2, Elí A. Delgado-Alvarado3, José A. Ávila-Reyes3, Jesús Herrera-Corral3, Laura S. González-Valdez3, Nestor Naranjo-Jiménez3, Christian Frigerio2, Ana F. Tomatas2, Ana J. Almeida2, Amélia Vieira2 and José N. Uribe-Soto1
  • 1 Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigación para el Desarrollo Integral Regional, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Unidad Durango, Sigma s/n 20 de Noviembre II, Durango, Dgo, Mexico
  • 2 Laboratório de Farmacognosia, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade de Coimbra, 3000-295 Coimbra, Portugal
  • 3 Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigación para el Desarrollo Integral Regional, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Unidad Durango, Sigma s/n 20 de Noviembre II, Durango, Dgo. México, Mexico

Abstract

The pollen flavonoid/phenolic acid composition of 14 individual of Stenocactus multicostatus subsp. zacatecasensis (Britton et Rose) U. Guzmán et Vázquez-Benitez, comb. et stat. nov., 11 of Echinocereus enneacanthus Engelmann, 8 of Echinocereus pectinatus (Scheidweiler) Engelmann and 12 of Mammillaria heyderi sensu lato (all belonging to Cactaceae) was analyzed by HPLC/DAD with the aim of determining the role of pollen profiles of flavonoid/phenolic acid as valuable markers in those taxa. The flavonoid/phenolic acid composition of pollen was evaluated within and among the taxa analyzed. The results suggest that (a) the flavonoid/phenolic acid profiles of these species are among the most complex reported, (b) that quercetin, kaempferol and herbacetin glycoside derivatives are the major phenols found in the pollen of these species of cactus, (c) that some intrapopulation variability is present in all four species and (d) that these pollen flavonoid/phenolic acid profiles tend to be species-specific, so that they can represent important taxonomic markers in Cactaceae.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 3 No. 3, 2008, 534-543

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2008.534.543

Submitted On: 15 December 2007 Published On: 30 September 2008

How to Cite: Almaraz-Abarca, N., Campos, M. G., Delgado-Alvarado, E. A., Ávila-Reyes, J. A., Herrera-Corral, J., González-Valdez, L. S., Naranjo-Jiménez, N., Frigerio, C., Tomatas, A. F., Almeida, A. J., Vieira, A. & Uribe-Soto, J. N. (2008). Pollen Flavonoid/Phenolic Acid Composition of Four Species of Cactaceae and its Taxonomic Significance. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 3(3), 534-543. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2008.534.543

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Keywords

  • Stenocactus multicostatus
  • Echinocereus enneacanthus
  • Echinocereus pectinatus
  • Mammillaria heyderi
  • pollen flavonoids