Research Article Open Access

Analysis of Factors Influencing Motivation of Villagers' Participation in Activities of Social Forestry (The Case Study of West Mazandaran)

Elham Faham1, Ahmad Rezvanfar1 and Taghi Shamekhi2
  • 1 Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agricultural Economics and Development, Tehran University, Karaj, Iran
  • 2 Department of Forestry and Forest Economy, Tehran University, Karaj, Iran

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to analyze factors influencing motivation of villagers' participation in activities of social forestry. The statistical population includes all villagers living in villages, which locate in the west Mazandaran of Iran and had been covered by local forestry cooperative. A sample of 110 villagers were selected by the use of proportional random sampling method. A questionnaire was used to collect data. For determining the validity of the questionnaire, the content validity was used. Cronbach's alpha was used to measure reliability of index measuring level of motivation of villagers' participation in activities of social forestry that its extent was 0.84 and showed that mentioned variable had high reliability. The data were analyzed by the use of descriptive and inferential statistics such as extent of mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, correlation analysis and regression analysis. The findings revealed that level of literacy, using level of mass communication media, level of participation in extension-education courses, social interaction and attitude toward participatory activities positively and significantly (p<0.01) correlated with the level of motivation of villagers' participation in activities of social forestry. The result of multiple regression showed that variables consisting: attitude toward participatory activities, using level of mass communication media, level of literacy and social interaction could explain 39.7% of the variation in the level of motivation of villagers' participation in activities of social forestry.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 3 No. 2, 2008, 451-456

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2008.451.456

Submitted On: 27 January 2008 Published On: 30 June 2008

How to Cite: Faham, E., Rezvanfar, A. & Shamekhi, T. (2008). Analysis of Factors Influencing Motivation of Villagers' Participation in Activities of Social Forestry (The Case Study of West Mazandaran). American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 3(2), 451-456. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2008.451.456

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Keywords

  • Economic motivation
  • social motivation
  • environmental motivation
  • participation
  • forest