Research Article Open Access

Morpho-physiological Differences of the Spermatheca of Attini Ants (Hymenoptera: Myrmicinae)

Gabriela Ortiz1 and Maria Izabel Camargo-Mathias1
  • 1 Instituto de Biociências, Departamento de Biologia da UNESP. Avenida 24-A, n° 1515 Cep: 13506-900, Brazil

Abstract

The insect's spermatheca store the spermatozoa from the time of copulation until the fertilization of the eggs and consists of a sac, usually associated to glands. The ant species Atta laevigata, Atta sexdens sexdens, Atta sexdens piriventris, Acromyrmex coronatus and Cyphomyrmex muelleri are considered pests, as they cause economics losses to several crops. The spermatheca of these species were examined by scanning electron microscopy, histological and histochemical techniques. Their morphology resembled that of a bilobular pouch partially jointed in the central portion. In A. coronatus and C. muelleri it is flatter in shape than those of other species. The external spermathecal gland, groups of secretory cells, was located at the joining point of the two spermathecal lobes of the reservoir. This was observed in A. laevigata, A. s. sexdens and A. coronatus, like a group of cells, while in C. muelleri, like filaments. An external associated gland was not observed in A. s. piriventris, instead secretory cells were arranged in a simple prismatic epithelium internally lining the spermathecal lumen. This epithelium was also observed in A. s. sexdens, although it was restricted to the joining point of the spermathecal lobes. The presence of an internal secretory epithelium in A. s. piriventris and A. s. sexdens suggests that their physiology for the maintenance of spermatozoa in viable conditions for egg fertilization might differ from A. laevigata, A. coronatus and C. muelleri, in which only an external spermathecal gland was observed.

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 1 No. 4, 2006, 58-65

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2006.58.65

Submitted On: 21 November 2006 Published On: 31 December 2006

How to Cite: Ortiz, G. & Camargo-Mathias, M. I. (2006). Morpho-physiological Differences of the Spermatheca of Attini Ants (Hymenoptera: Myrmicinae). American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 1(4), 58-65. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajabssp.2006.58.65

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Keywords

  • Spermatheca
  • histology
  • histochemistry
  • spermathecal gland
  • Attini