Research Article Open Access

The European Miracle Psychological Stages and the Origin of Modern Society

Georg Oesterdiekhoff1, Jörn Rüsen2 and Hans-Jürgen Hummell3
  • 1 Karlsruhe Institute for Sociology, Germany
  • 2 Kulturwissenschaftliches Institut, Germany
  • 3 University Duisburg-Essen, Germany


The idea that the rise of modern, industrial society originates in psychological advancements is to find among classic authors of sociology and history such as Comte, Elias and Lamprecht and more recently described by Habermas. It will be shown that central transformations within sciences, industrial economy, political structures, Enlightenment, humanitarian revolution, law, painting, music and literature having taken place during the emergence of modern society actually originate in psychological stage advancements. Thus, there is a deep connection between psychological stages on the one side and historical transformations leading to modern society on the other side. It is therefore necessary to combine Piagetian psychology with historical data and sociological considerations.

Journal of Social Sciences
Volume 16 No. 1, 2020, 84-99


Submitted On: 19 February 2020 Published On: 15 May 2020

How to Cite: Oesterdiekhoff, G., Rüsen, J. & Hummell, H. (2020). The European Miracle Psychological Stages and the Origin of Modern Society. Journal of Social Sciences, 16(1), 84-99.

  • 2 Citations



  • Psychological Stages
  • Social Transformations
  • Modern
  • Industrial Society
  • Modern Europe
  • Rise of the West