Pharaonic or Ottoman in Modern Egyptian Culture: Consequences of Immigration
- 1 University of California Riverside, United States
Copyright: © 2021 Dina Aly Ezzat. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
It is often assumed by tourists and other visitors to Egypt that all or most aspects of Egyptian culture originated from the Pharaonic period or ancient Egyptians. This perception is, however, wrong as Egypt over the centuries experienced immigration and even occupation by outside powers who left their mark on the country. The aim or purpose of this paper was to trace the Turkish origins of modern Egyptian culture. Data for the paper were obtained through analysis of historical documents, interviews of historians, experts and other officials at the Ministry of Antiquity, visits to various sites, including famous buildings and other landmarks. It was concluded that in almost every major area of culture, including government organization, education, the courts, medicine, law and infrastructure Turkey heavily influenced Egypt. Many words used today in Egyptian Arabic are of Turkish origin. Conclusions derived were not meant to minimize Egyptian civilization, but to offer a fuller accounting of how many components of this civilization had Turkish origins.
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