Retrofitting the Electric Lighting and Daylighting Systems to Reduce Energy Use in Buildings: A Literature Review
Marie-Claude Dubois, Fabio Bisegna, Niko Gentile, Martine Knoop, Barbara Matusiak, Werner Osterhaus and Eino Tetri
DOI : 10.3844/erjsp.2015.25.41
Energy Research Journal
Volume 6, Issue 1
This paper presents a literature review about energy-efficient retrofit of electric lighting and daylighting systems in buildings. The review, which covers around 160 research articles, addresses the following themes: (1) retrofitting electric lighting in buildings, (2) electric lighting energy use and saving potential and (3) lighting retrofit strategies. The retrofit strategies covered in the review are: replacement of lamp, ballast or luminaire; use of task-ambient lighting design; improvement in maintenance; reduction of maintained illuminance levels; improvement in spectral quality of light sources; improvement in occupant behavior; use of control systems; and use of daylighting systems. The review indicates that existing general knowledge about lighting retrofit is currently very limited and that there is a significant lack of information concerning the actual energy performance of lighting systems installed in the existing building stock. The resulting key directions for future research highlights issues for which a better understanding is required for the spread and development of lighting retrofit.
© 2015 Marie-Claude Dubois, Fabio Bisegna, Niko Gentile, Martine Knoop, Barbara Matusiak, Werner Osterhaus and Eino Tetri. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.