American Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology

Spectrofluorimetric Determination of Certain Fluoroquinolones Through Charge Transfer Complex Formation

H. Salem, L. Fada and W. Khater

DOI : 10.3844/ajptsp.2007.18.25

American Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology

Volume 2, Issue 1

Pages 18-25


A highly sensitive spectrofluorimetric method was developed for the first time, for the analysis of ten fluoroquinolones (FQs) antibacterials, namely amifloxacin (AMI), ciprofloxacin (CIP), difloxacin (DIF), enoxacin (ENO), enrofloxacin (ENR), lomefloxacin (LOM), levofloxacin (LEV), norfloxacin (NOR), ofloxacin (OFL) and pefloxacin (PEF) in their pharmaceutical dosage forms or in biological fluids through charge transfer (CT) complex formation with bromanil (BRO). The BRO was found to react with these drugs to produce stable complexes and the fluorescence intensity of the complexes was greatly enhanced. The formation of such complexes was also confirmed by ultraviolet-visible measurements. The different experimental parameters that affect the fluorescence intensity were carefully studied. At the optimum reaction conditions, the drug-BRO complexes showed excitation maxima ranging from 275 to 290 nm and emission maxima ranging from 450 to 470 nm. Rectilinear calibration graphs were obtained in the concentration range 0.02 to 3.1 μg.mL-1 for the studied drugs. The method has been successfully applied to determine their pharmaceutical dosage forms with good precision and accuracy compared to official and reported methods as revealed by t- and F-tests. They are also applied for the determination of studied drugs in human urine samples.


© 2007 H. Salem, L. Fada and W. Khater. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.