American Journal of Immunology

Cell-Mediated Immune Responses in the Sea-Star Asterias rubens (Echinoderm)

Michel Leclerc

DOI : 10.3844/ajisp.2012.191.195

American Journal of Immunology

Volume 8, Issue 4

Pages 191-195


Cell-mediated immune responses occur in sea star system. In Asterias rubens it is said that B sea star lymphocytes and T sea star lymphocytes exist in the axial organ which can be considered as an ancestral lymphoid organ. In the same manner the origin of lymphocytes can be found in Invertebrates such as Echinodermal.


© 2012 Michel Leclerc. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.