Knowledge and Attitude of Persons Living with HIV+/AIDS (PLWAs) Towards HIV/AIDS in Iran
Jamshidi Makiani Mahin, Davoodian Parivash, Abdoul Hossain Madani, Allemohammad Azadeh, Amiri Zinab, Daryanavard Ali, Golvardi Yazdi Mohammad Sadegh, Pourbahri Maryam and Moosavi Afsaneh
DOI : 10.3844/ajidsp.2010.70.74
American Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume 6, Issue 3
Problem statement: As number of Persons Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWAs) increases, caring for them is a new rising problem. The World Health Organization encourages caring these people at home. Patients themselves also prefer to stay at home than staying in hospital. Adequate knowledge and positive attitude are important factors in providing better care for a patient. Approach: This study was conducted to assess level of knowledge and describe attitudes existing between family members of PLWAs. A cross-sectional study was conducted on PLWAs to assess the basic level of knowledge and attitude regarding AIDS. One hundred family members of PLWAs were selected using simple random sampling. A three-part questionnaire was delivered to measure HIV/AIDS-related attitude and knowledge. Results: Mean score of participants were 10.69±2.05 of a maximum of 14 points in knowledge. Knowledge on some aspect of the disease was quite high in the study group; Mean score was 25.42±6.05 from a maximum of 40 points in attitude. Female gender, higher income and education level were associated with a greater level of knowledge. Parents in comparison with other relatives and persons older than 60 usually had lower level of knowledge. Patients with higher income or education level also had more positive attitude toward patient. Conclusion: The findings of the study suggest that the family members of patients living with AIDS have a satisfactory level of essential knowledge on HIV/AIDS. Most of them have good attitudes toward person with HIV/AIDS. However, there are some misconceptions about the routes of transmission that can be problems on the way of providing homebased care.
© 2010 Jamshidi Makiani Mahin, Davoodian Parivash, Abdoul Hossain Madani, Allemohammad Azadeh, Amiri Zinab, Daryanavard Ali, Golvardi Yazdi Mohammad Sadegh, Pourbahri Maryam and Moosavi Afsaneh. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.