American Journal of Infectious Diseases

Abnormal Glucose Regulation and Treatment Strategies for Insulin Resistance HIV-Infected Patients

Steven Grinspoon

DOI : 10.3844/ajidsp.2006.184.186

American Journal of Infectious Diseases

Volume 2, Issue 3

Pages 184-186


HIV-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy often demonstrate abnormalities in glucose regulation, in association with changes in fat distribution[1,2]. In the majority of cases, these abnormalities are best characterized by insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance, rather than overt diabetes mellitus and fasting hyperglycemia. Insulin resistance may result from direct effects of antiretroviral therapy, changes in fat distribution or abnormal regulation of fat metabolism and adipocytokines. Use of insulin sensitizing agents may be rationale to reduce cardiovascular risk and improve related metabolic and body fat abnormalities in HIV-infected patients.


© 2006 Steven Grinspoon. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.