American Journal of Infectious Diseases

Hormonal and Metabolic Disorders of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Substance Abuse

Jag H. Khalsa, Frank Vocci and Adrian Dobs

DOI : 10.3844/ajidsp.2006.125.129

American Journal of Infectious Diseases

Volume 2, Issue 3

Pages 125-129


There are an estimated 200 million users of an illicit drug in the world today. In addition, an estimated 40 million people are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and an estimated 180 million people are infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Both the use of an illicit drug and the co-occurrence of infections are associated with a multitude of medical and health consequences including hormonal and metabolic disorders. Thus, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) hosted a workshop on hormonal and metabolic disorders of HIV among substance abusers. A number of clinicians and scientists participated and discussed a wide range of issues concerning hormones, nutrition and metabolic complications in HIV and substance abuse. Their observations and the recommendations they made for future research are presented in these proceedings. The readers are encouraged to contact the NIH staff (JK, FV) for technical guidance and programmatic priorities on the subject and directly contact the individual authors for collaborations.


© 2006 Jag H. Khalsa, Frank Vocci and Adrian Dobs. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.