American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Thermal Comfort Investigation in Three Hot-Humid Climate Theme Parks in Jakarta

M. Donny Koerniawan and Weijun Gao

DOI : 10.3844/ajessp.2015.133.144

American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 11, Issue 3

Pages 133-144


This research presents the results of a study about thermal comfort measurement and evaluation in the theme parks. Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET) is employed as a thermal index in this research. This research studied how climate impacts thermal comfort in the three biggest theme parks in Jakarta: Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII), Kebun Binatang Ragunan (KBR) and Taman Impian Jaya Ancol (TIJA). Part of the large ongoing Urban Microclimate Space Research, this research that aims to investigate the influence of the microclimate on how urban public spaces are appreciated and used shown in a tropical humid climate thermal comfort is difficult to achieve with respect to open spaces. The results highlighted the need to expand the concept of comfort in the different concept of theme parks. This analysis shows that the location and the concept of theme park directly influence the formation of microclimate affected thermal comfort inside.


© 2015 M. Donny Koerniawan and Weijun Gao. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.