American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Hospital Wastewater Treatment Using an Integrated Anaerobic Aerobic Fixed Film Bioreactor

A. Rezaee, M. Ansari, A. Khavanin, A. Sabzali and M. M Aryan

DOI : 10.3844/ajessp.2005.259.263

American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 1, Issue 4

Pages 259-263


The design and operation of wastewater treatment systems for hospital is a challenge for wastewater engineers. In this study, a pilot-scale system integrated anaerobic-aerobic fixed film reactor for hospital wastewater treatment was constructed and its performance was evaluated. The aim of the study was the elimination of organic compounds and a significant reduction of bacteria. The system had been operated for 90 days. The results show that the system efficiently removed 95.1% of the chemical oxygen demand (COD) from a hospital wastewater with the influent COD of 700 mg L-1, leaving 34 mg L-1 COD in the effluent. The significant removal of pathogenic bacterial has been do after operating of the system. The advantages of the treatment system studied for small wastewater flows include: (I) simple operation and maintenance; (II) efficient removal of COD and bacteria; and (III) low-energy consumption.


© 2005 A. Rezaee, M. Ansari, A. Khavanin, A. Sabzali and M. M Aryan. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.