American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Design and Experimental Investigation of a Novel Solar Collector with a W-Shape Cover

Edoun Marcel, Djimasra Bonheur, Kuitche Alexis and Zeghmati Belkacem

DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2019.440.449

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Volume 12, Issue 3

Pages 440-449

Abstract

In the current study, we developed and tested a new type of solar collector named W-shape solar collector. It is a solar collector with single air pass between the transparent cover and the absorber. The cover has double glass whereby the upper glass is flat and the lower glass is w-shape. The absorber is also W-shape. This combination gave rise to an undulatory airflow circulation in the new collector. This modular solar collector allowed the functioning of several configurations of flat plate solar thermal collector. After realization of the prototype, an experimental characterization was done during a natural period of sunshine in the town of Ngaoundere between November and December 2016. It consisted in characterizing the solar radiation, the input/output temperatures of the solar collector, the temperature of the absorber and the air velocity profile. During the experiments, the solar collector was directed facing the south and tilted either by 45°or by 30° compared to the horizontal plan. Temperature profile analysis showed at noon sun and air velocity of 0.3 m/s, the outlet air temperature of the w-shape solar collector gives 75°C while that of the flat collector gives only 60°C. Nevertheless, the temperature of the flat absorber was higher than that of the W-shape absorber. This allowed us to conclude that the convection heat transfer coefficient of the W-shape solar collector improved than the flat solar heat collector. Also the efficiency profiles highlight the positive contribution of the W-shape in the improvement of the thermal performances of a solar collector.

Copyright

© 2019 Edoun Marcel, Djimasra Bonheur, Kuitche Alexis and Zeghmati Belkacem. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.