Research Article Open Access

Management of Renewable Energies and Environmental Protection

Relly Victoria Virgil Petrescu1, Raffaella Aversa2, Antonio Apicella2, Samuel Kozaitis3, Taher Abu-Lebdeh4 and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu1
  • 1 Bucharest Polytechnic University, Romania
  • 2 Second University of Naples, Italy
  • 3 Florida Institute of Technology, United States
  • 4 North Carolina A and T State University, United States
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 10 No. 4, 2017, 919-948


Submitted On: 27 June 2017
Published On: 23 November 2017

How to Cite: Petrescu, R. V. V., Aversa, R., Apicella, A., Kozaitis, S., Abu-Lebdeh, T. & Petrescu, F. I. T. (2017). Management of Renewable Energies and Environmental Protection. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 10(4), 919-948.


The purpose of this project is to present an overview of renewable energy sources, major technological developments and case studies, accompanied by applicable examples of the use of sources. Renewable energy is the energy that comes from natural resources: The wind, sunlight, rain, sea waves, tides, geothermal heat, regenerated naturally, automatically. Greenhouse gas emissions pose a serious threat to climate change, with potentially disastrous effects on humanity. The use of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) together with improved Energy Efficiency (EE) can contribute to reducing energy consumption, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and, as a consequence, preventing dangerous climate change. At least one-third of global energy must come from different renewable sources by 2050: The wind, solar, geothermal, hydroelectric, tidal, wave, biomass, etc. Oil and natural gas, classical sources of energy, have fluctuating developments on the international market. A second significant aspect is given by the increasingly limited nature of oil resources. It seems that this energy source will be exhausted in about 50 years from the consumption of oil reserves in exploitation or prospecting. "Green" energy is at the fingertips of both economic operators and individuals. In fact, an economic operator can use such a system for both own consumption and energy trading on the domestic energy market. The high cost of deploying these systems is generally depreciated in about 5-10 years, depending on the installed production capacity. The "sustainability" condition is met when projects based on renewable energy have a negative CO2 or at least neutral CO2 over the life cycle. Emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) are one of the environmental criteria included in a sustainability analysis, but is not enough. The concept of sustainability must also include in the assessment various other aspects, such as environmental, cultural, health, but must also integrate economic aspects. Renewable energy generation in a sustainable way is a challenge that requires compliance with national and international regulations. Energy independence can be achieved: - Large scale (for communities); - small-scale (for individual houses, vacation homes or cabins without electrical connection).



  • Environmental Protection
  • Renewable Energy
  • Sustainable Energy
  • The Wind
  • Sunlight
  • Rain
  • Sea Waves
  • Tides
  • Geothermal Heat
  • Regenerated Naturally