American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Hands-On Fire Extinguisher Training Apparatuses: Expert Evaluations of Two Propane Fire Simulators and Air-Pressurized Water Extinguishers

Awwad Dababneh, Abdul Jaleel Hamad Majeed and Rami H. Fouad

DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2017.717.725

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Volume 10, Issue 3

Pages 717-725


Twenty-two expert firefighting professionals were used in evaluating four methods for fire extinguisher hands-on training. Two different fire simulators were put into service along with two conditions for the fighting distance; keeping a distance of 2.44 m (8ft.) away from the base of the fire and having no restriction on getting closer to the fire. The fire simulators both utilized burned propane gas and modified air pressurized water extinguishers. Demographics data were gathered at the beginning of the study and participants completed a study form after each study conditions and at the end of the study. The participants are required to provide comments and suggestions as well. Results showed that participants preferred and recommended one simulator over the other for better simulating a real situation. Moreover, the participants reported that keeping a 2.44 m (8ft.) fighting distance is not realistic and maybe questionable as it is counter to proper use of extinguishers. Participants suggests adding smoke, sound and light effects to better simulate a real situation and improve training.


© 2017 Awwad Dababneh, Abdul Jaleel Hamad Majeed and Rami H. Fouad. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.