American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Investigating the Parameters Influencing the Behavior of Knee Braced Steel Structures

Edris Farokhi and Mehrdad Gordini

DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2015.567.574

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Volume 8, Issue 4

Pages 567-574


In Knee-Braced Frames (KBF), the brace is connected to the knee element rather than the beam-column joint. For reasons such as having sufficient lateral stiffness despite its adequate ductile behavior, the concentration of damage in the Double Knee-Braced structural elements and also ease of repair and replacement of these elements after an earthquake, this bracing system is preferred over conventional systems. The lateral stiffness of this system is provided by the bracing system and the frame ductility is supplied by the flexural yield or the shear yield of the knee members depending on the knee length. Attempts have been made, in the present study, to investigate the non-linear seismic behavior of Knee-Braced Frame systems for various influencing factors and to formulate the effect(s) of the number of building stories, the length of the knee element and moment of inertia of the bending members on the seismic behavior, the drift of the stories and the failure mode of these systems. Finally, based on the results of the study, some recommendations have been offered for the effective range parameters for the optimal performance of these systems.


© 2015 Edris Farokhi and Mehrdad Gordini. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.