Single Beam Z-Scan Measurements of Nonlinear Refraction and Nonlinear Absorption Coefficients in Silver Nano-Fluid
- 1 University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
Problem statement: The nonlinear refractive index and nonlinear absorption are two important optical phenomena which are extensively used in optical switching, optical limiting and labeling. Approach: In the present research we had measured nonlinearity of Ag nano-fluid prepared using γ-irradiation method. The measurement was carried out using a single beam z-scan technique. Under a CW laser beam excitation operated at 532 nm with the power output of 40 mW, a closed aperture setup was used for thermal-induced nonlinear refractive index and an open aperture setup was applied for measuring nonlinearity absorption. Results: We measured the nonlinear refraction coefficient and nonlinear absorption coefficients for silver nano-fluid at concentration 6.475×10-3 M, the values obtained were -6.173×10-8 cm2 W-1 and 7.994×10-3 cm W-1 respectively. Conclusion: The nonlinear refraction coefficient with the negative sign indicates the self-defocusing phenomenon. The experimental data from open aperture measurement showed that a two photon absorption phenomenon. These results showed that the Ag nano-fluid has significant values of nonlinear refractive index and nonlinear absorption, thus it could be good candidate for optical devices.
Copyright: © 2010 Esmaeil Shahriari and W. Mahmood Mat Yunus. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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- nonlinear optics
- thermal effects