American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Optimization of the Geometrical Parameters of a Solar Bubble Pump for Absorption-Diffusion Cooling Systems

N. Dammak, B. Chaouachi, S. Gabsi and M. Bourouis

DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2010.693.698

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Volume 3, Issue 4

Pages 693-698


Problem statement: The objective of this study was to optimize the geometrical parameters of a bubble pump integrated in a solar flat plate collector. Approach: This solar bubble pump was part of an ammonia/water/helium (NH3/H2O/He) absorption-diffusion cooling system. Results: An empirical model was developed on the basis of momentum, mass, material equations and energy balances. The mathematical model was solved using the simulation tool “Engineering Equation Solver (EES)”. Conclusion/Recommendations: Using metrological data from Gabes (Tunisia) various parameters were geometrically optimized for maximum bubble pump efficiency which was best for a bubble pump tube diameter of 6 mm, a tube length of 1.5 m, an inclination to the horizontal between 30 and 50° of the solar flat plate collector and a submergence ratio between 0.2 and 0.3.


© 2010 N. Dammak, B. Chaouachi, S. Gabsi and M. Bourouis. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.