Assessment of Thermal Comfort in Respect to Building Height in a High-Density City in the Tropics
Anisha Noori Kakon, Mishima Nobuo, Shoichi Kojima and Taguchi Yoko
DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2010.545.551
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 3
Problem statement: The significance of urban design and planning in the tropics lies mostly on its climatic and regional concerns. Among many design parameters, building height is an important parameter which affects thermal climate in the city considerably. This study investigated the effect of building height on outdoor thermal comfort during the daytime in summer in Dhaka, Bangladesh which is a high density city located in tropical climate zone. This study emphasized on pedestrian comfort condition in a planned residential area in the city. Approach: Thermal comfort was assessed in terms of Temperature-Humidity-Index (THI) which uses air Temperature (Ta) and Relative Humidity (RH). Measurements were carried out in a typical summer day. In addition, to simulate the urban thermal climate, a 3D numerical simulation tool ENVI-met was used. Results: Simulated results showed close agreement with the measured data in case of existing canyon and thus the validity of the present numerical simulation was confirmed. Results showed that in case of existing canyon with average building height of 4-5 storied, THI lies in the discomfort level. A canyon was proposed by increasing the building height to 8-10 storied in the existing canyon. In case of proposed canyon, it was found that increased building height provides comparatively comfortable condition than the existing case during day time. Moreover, mean radiant temperature (Tmrt), surface Temperature (Ts) and wind speed were included in the present study to identify the effects of building height on these factors. Conclusion: The present study had an implication on the urban design process to achieve a more comfortable urban environment by mitigating heat stress in summer.
© 2010 Anisha Noori Kakon, Mishima Nobuo, Shoichi Kojima and Taguchi Yoko. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.