Repairing and Strengthening of an Existing Reinforced Concrete Building: A North Cyprus Perspective
Hakan Yalciner and Amir A. Hedayat
DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2010.109.116
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 1
Problem statement: Inadequate attention during design and construction of some of Reinforced Concrete (RC) buildings in North Cyprus has raised questions about the performance level of these existing buildings under future earthquakes. Approach: Column jacketing, adding steel braces and new shear walls to an existing building are common strengthening methods used by practical engineers in North Cyprus to increase the performance level of an existing building. Results: The aim of this study was to determine the most effective strengthening method among these three mentioned techniques. As a case study, a four stories RC existing building was selected and assessed using finite element method. To remodel of the existing building, the survey works done included three main steps, detecting the reinforcement bars for beams and columns, actual used concrete strength and soil type. The beams and columns reinforcement bars were determined using Ferro scan method and the soil was sampled in Girne city to determine the soil type. The actual concrete strength was determined using core test. Three common strengthening techniques mentioned above, were applied to the existing building. Then the efficiency of each strengthening method was investigated on the basis of removing of weak columns, not-safe beam-column joints in shear and performance levels based on the FEMA356 and Turkish earthquake code. Conclusion/Recommendations: Results showed that column jacketing is the most effective method to remove the weak columns and not-safe column-beam joints in shear. Nonlinear static pushover results showed that despite that adding shear walls caused an increase in the structural base shear and a reduction in the maximum roof displacement and the number of collapsed elements at FEMA356 performance point, but it caused a remarkable reduction in the building ductility ratio. Finally, results showed that the column jacketing is the most effective and the most economic strengthening technique for the low-rise residential buildings in North Cyprus.
© 2010 Hakan Yalciner and Amir A. Hedayat. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.