American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

A Study of the Effect of Infilled Brick Walls on Behavior of Eccentrically Braced Frames Using Explicit Finite Elements Method

Amir Saedi Daryan, Masood Ziaei, Ali Golafshar, Akbar Pirmoz and Mohammad Amin Assareh

DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2009.96.104

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Volume 2, Issue 1

Pages 96-104


Problem statement: Eccentrically Braced Frames (EBFs) are usually infilled by masonry walls, but in common design, the stiffness and lateral resistance of these walls is ignored. Considering the results of carried out tests and studies, it seems that infilled masonry walls have a significant influence on the stiffness and the strength of EBFs. Since experimental test of total frame with infilled brick wall is a very expensive and time consuming process, proper numerical models which can precisely simulate the behavior of EBFs considering the effects of infilled brick wall are necessary. Approach: In this study, a proper model is made using explicit finite elements method to study the behavior of EBFs with infilled masonry wall. Because of complicated mechanical and geometrical properties of masonry walls and also because of the interaction between steel frame and masonry wall, this model is not easy to obtain. To ensure the ability of the model to precisely simulate the behavior of an EBF with infilled brick wall, initial models were made and the problems were solved comparing the results of experimental test and the results of these initial models. Firstly, material models and some basic principles of explicit finite element algorithm are used and three initial models were made: a model of a brick wall without eccentrically braced steel frame, a model of an EBF without infilled brick wall and finally a model of an EBF with infilled brick wall. Results: Using these three initial models, constitutive model for masonry and steel material and also the proper elements for modeling the behavior of mortar is obtained. Studies showed that good prediction of the behavior of a system consisting of EBF and masonry wall is possible, by minimizing the kinematical energy and using a special time scaling of explicit finite element model. Conclusion: After verifying the finite element models, the influence of masonry infilled wall on the behavior of eccentrically braced frames is studied. This investigation showed that in general, the presence of masonry wall increases the yield strength and the elastic range in the force-displacement curves. But the plastic behavior of the frame is deteriorated and due to fragile behavior of masonry materials, the total system of steel frame and masonry wall has a significant strength fall when the elastic range is passed.


© 2009 Amir Saedi Daryan, Masood Ziaei, Ali Golafshar, Akbar Pirmoz and Mohammad Amin Assareh. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.