Effect of Some Ecological Factors on Thegrowth of Aspergillus niger and Cladosporium sphaerospermum
Ibtisam Mohammed Ababutain
DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2013.159.163
American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 10, Issue 2
Indoor airborne fungi have been implicated in human health problems, damage to building materials, books, clothes and stored foods, which effected by different ecological factors. Aspergillus niger and Cladosporium sphaerospermum are the most dominant indoor airborne fungi were obtained from our previous study. The effect of normal indoor conditions (Temperature and Relative Humidity) on their growth was studied. Including their nutrients growth requirements. The PDA medium was the appropriate growth medium for Cl. sphaerospermum, with a significant difference at (p<0.05); where as GYA medium was the appropriate growth medium for A. niger, with no significant difference. The temperatures 25 and 30°C favored colony diameter growth for Cl. sphaerospermum and A. niger, respectively with a significant difference at (p<0.05). The growth of Cl. sphaerospermum increased to reach its maximum at 100% RH. Whereas, A. niger prefers to grow at lower RH comparing to Cl. sphaerospermum to reach its maximum at 75% RH with a significant difference at (p<0.05). Controlling the normal indoor conditions can play a significant role in reducing the growth of indoor airborne fungi. Cl. sphaerospermum can be used as indicator fungi for the high humidity level in residences. The result has proved that keeping the humidity low enough can prevent fungi growth.
© 2013 Ibtisam Mohammed Ababutain. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.