ELECTROLYSIS OF SWINE MANURE EFFLUENTS USING THREE DIFFERENT ELECTRODES Fe-Fe, Al-Al AND Fe-Al
- 1 Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, United States
Swine effluent with high organic strength need to be treated to make it suitable for applying to crop/pasture fields, or discharging to any waterways. Electrocoagulation is a relatively simpler and cheaper technique over biological and chemical treatment methods currently used to treat high-strength industrial and municipal wastewater. The performance of an electrocoagulation system mainly depends on the pH, Electrical Conductivity (EC) of the medium, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) loading rates and catalytic activity of the electrodes used. In this research, a study was conducted to compare the pollutant removal efficiencies of three electrodes (Fe-Fe, Al-Al and Fe-Al) with three electric current levels (500, 1000 and 2000 mA) while treating swine manure effluents. The electrochemical cell consisted of two parallel rectangular plates (90×25×1.5 mm) of Iron (Fe-Fe), Aluminum (Al-Al) and Iron-Aluminum (Fe-Al, later on described as hybrid) electrodes; immersed in a beaker with 550 mL swine effluents and powered by a Direct Current (DC) supply. All studies were conducted in batches at room temperature. In general, removal efficiencies were increased with increasing current densities and electrolysis times for electrodes evaluated. Aluminum electrodes outperformed iron and hybrid (iron-aluminum electrodes) in removing Total Phosphorus (TP) at all current density levels tested. Overall, use of hybrid electrodes resulted in better COD removal. For the same treatment times (1200 s) at higher current density (21 mA cm-2), hybrid electrodes removed about 100% COD, which are about 1.9 and 1.3 times higher than those of aluminum and iron electrodes, respectively. Iron electrodes showed the highest removal efficiency (85%) for Total Organic Carbon (TOC) at 21 mA cm-2 current density and 1200 s treatment time. Overall, lower Specific Electrical Energy Consumptions (SEECs) per kg of Pollutants (TP, COD and TOC) were estimated for the aluminum electrodes than the other electrodes combination.
Copyright: © 2014 S. Rahman and M. S. Borhan. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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- Total Phosphorus
- Chemical Oxygen Demand
- Total Organic Carbon
- Manure Effluent