American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Attitudes Towards Linkage Mechanism Researh of Agricultural Research and Extension

Ahmad Al-Rimawi, Mohammad Tabieh and Hussein Al-Qudah

DOI : 10.3844/ajabssp.2013.117.125

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Volume 8, Issue 2

Pages 117-125


The aim of this study is to examine how linkages between the actors in the research and extension system in Jordan can be improved to enhance their effectiveness. Likert scales were used as tools for data collection to measure attitudes towards management, organizational and universities linkages using a convenient sample of 121 extension agents and researchers. Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were above 0.80 for the three scales, which indicates good reliability. Parametric and non-parametric tests were used to analyze the data, based on approximations of the scales to the normal distribution. Overall attitudes towards linkages were found to be generally high. Researchers’ attitudes were significantly higher for some of the managerial interventions, many of the organizational linkages and towards the applicability of the university research. Researchers appear to be relatively younger and more educated, but less experienced. More experienced and trained were more likely to value highly stronger linkages. No significant associations were observed between attitudes and most of the personal characteristics. Positive attitudes to measures that formally integrate research providers and extension contribute to establishing a unified system, with more focused and applied research programs that effectively address high priority local needs.


© 2013 Ahmad Al-Rimawi, Mohammad Tabieh and Hussein Al-Qudah. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.