Evaluating Agro-Climatologically Variables to Identify Suitable Areas for Rapeseed in Different Dates of Sowing by GIS approach
A. Ghasemi Pirbalouti and A. Golparvar
DOI : 10.3844/ajabssp.2008.656.660
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 4
The study carried out in tow provinces (Isfahan and Chaharmahal va Bakhtyiari), central and southwest, Iran. The study area covers approximately 37659 Km2 of total area. This area is located between latitude 30° 42′ N and 33° 37′ N and between longitude 49° 56′ W and 51° 57′ W. The climate variables taken into account were maximum and minimum daily average temperature, Growth Degree Day (GDD) between four dates of sowing to physiological maturity and four dates sowing to freezing start day (rosette), monthly precipitation, monthly relative humidity (March to May) and number of freezing days. Climate variables and DEM data layers were prepared and suitability classes were determined, using simple limitation (SLA) purposed by modified of FAO method, were matched against specific winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) requirements derived from agricultural experiments and literature review. The results indicated that the main limited factors are GDD from sowing to physiological maturity and sowing to freezing start day. The overlay maps for climate variables and DEM suitability evaluation using SLA identified 11.2% (sowing date: 20 August to 5 September), 12.5% (sowing date: 6 September to 20 September), 0.4% (sowing date: 21 September to 5 October) and 0.06% (sowing date: 6 October to 20 October) of the surface area land have suitable in study area.
© 2008 A. Ghasemi Pirbalouti and A. Golparvar. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.