Review Article Open Access

A Survey on Event Detection Models for Text Data Streams

Wafa Zubair AL-Dyani1, Farzana Kabir Ahmad2 and Siti Sakira Kamaruddin2
  • 1 Hadramout University, Hadramout, Yemen
  • 2 Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok Kedah, Malaysia
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 16 No. 7, 2020, 916-935

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2020.916.935

Submitted On: 22 April 2020
Published On: 14 July 2020

How to Cite: AL-Dyani, W. Z., Ahmad, F. K. & Kamaruddin, S. S. (2020). A Survey on Event Detection Models for Text Data Streams. Journal of Computer Science, 16(7), 916-935. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2020.916.935

Abstract

Event Detection (ED) is a study area that attracts the attention of decision-makers from various disciplines in order to help them in taking the right decision. ED has been examined on various text streams like Twitter, Facebook, Emails, Blogs, Web Forums and newswires. Many ED models have been proposed in literature. In general, ED model consists of six main phases: Data collection, pre-processing, feature selection, event detection, performance evaluation and result representation. Among these phases, event detection phase has a vital rule in the performance of the ED model. Consequently, numerous supervised, unsupervised, semi-supervised detection methods have been introduced for this phase. However, unsupervised methods have been extensively utilized as ED process is considered as unsupervised task. Hence, such methods need to be categorized on such a way so it can help researchers to understand and identified the limitations lay in these methods. In this survey, ED models for text data from various Social Network sites (SNs) are analyzed based on domain type, detection methods, type of detection task. In addition, main categories for unsupervised detection methods are explicitly mentioned with revising their related works. Moreover, the major open challenges faced by researchers for building ED models are explained and discussed in detail. The main objective of this survey paper is to provide a complete view of the recent developments in ED field. Hence, help scholars to identify the limitations of existing ED models for text data and help them to recognize the interesting future works directions.

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Keywords

  • Event Detection Model
  • Text Data
  • Challenges
  • Detection Methods\Techniques