Research Article Open Access

Enhanced Support Vector Machine based on Metaheuristic Search for Multiclass Problems

Abdullah Saeed Ghareb1, Mohammed Hamid Afif2, Abdel-Rahman Hedar3, Taysir H. Abdel Hamid4 and Abdulgbar Saif1
  • 1 University of Sheba Region, Yemen
  • 2 Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
  • 3 Assiut Universit, Egypt
  • 4 Assiut University, Egypt
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 16 No. 7, 2020, 871-885

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2020.871.885

Submitted On: 20 February 2020
Published On: 9 July 2020

How to Cite: Ghareb, A. S., Afif, M. H., Hedar, A., Abdel Hamid, T. H. & Saif, A. (2020). Enhanced Support Vector Machine based on Metaheuristic Search for Multiclass Problems. Journal of Computer Science, 16(7), 871-885. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2020.871.885

Abstract

Machine learning is an important field of artificial intelligent researches and it highly growing for real intelligent applications systems that relate brain computer interface to human brain activities. Support Vector Machine (SVM) is a popular machine learning approach, which can be used for pattern recognition, prediction and classification with many diverse applications. However, the SVM has many parameters, which have significant influences on the performance of SVM in terms of its prediction accuracy that is very important measure specifically with critical applications such that used in Medical applications. This paper proposed an enhanced SVM, which employs a meta-heuristic method, called scatter search to determine the optimal or near optimal values of the SVM parameters and its kernel parameters in multi-classification problem. Scatter search has the potential to determine the appropriate values of parameters for machine learning algorithms due its flexibility and sophistication. Therefore, the proposed method integrates the advantages of scatter search method with SVM to specify the appropriate setting of SVM parameters. The experimental results on lung cancer datasets and other standard datasets prove that the scatter search is practical method for tuning SVM parameters and enhance its performance, where the achieved results are better and comparable to other related methods.

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Keywords

  • Support Vector Machine
  • Meta-Heuristic Search
  • Scatter Search
  • Classification
  • Parameter Tuning
  • Lung Cancer