Research Article Open Access

VANET Routing Protocols and Architectures: An Overview

Anas Abu Taleb1
  • 1 Princess Sumaya University for Technology, Jordan
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 14 No. 3, 2018, 423-434

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2018.423.434

Submitted On: 18 October 2017 Published On: 30 March 2018

How to Cite: Taleb, A. A. (2018). VANET Routing Protocols and Architectures: An Overview. Journal of Computer Science, 14(3), 423-434. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2018.423.434

Abstract

VAVETs have become an interesting area of research since vehicles can be equipped with sensors, processing and communication devices. As a result, various life changing application emerged in different areas such as safety and public services. VANETs are considered as a subclass of Ad hoc networks. However, they have special characteristics that differentiates them such as QoS requirements, privacy, safety and high mobility of nodes. This paper discusses VANET’s special characteristics and explain why VANETs are considered a subcategory of ad hoc networks. Also, a categorization of VANETs architectures is presented in this study. Additionally, the importance and needs of VANETs along with their applications are presented in this study. Furthermore various routing protocols proposed for VANETs are studied and a categorization for these protocols is proposed in this study.

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Keywords

  • VANETs
  • Ad Hoc Networks
  • RSU
  • Routing Protocols