Research Article Open Access

Location-Aware Energy-Efficient Workload Allocation in Geo Distributed Cloud Environment

Soha Rawas1 and Ahmed Zekri2
  • 1 Beirut Arab University, Lebanon
  • 2 Alexandria University, Egypt
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 14 No. 3, 2018, 334-350

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2018.334.350

Submitted On: 16 November 2017 Published On: 13 March 2018

How to Cite: Rawas, S. & Zekri, A. (2018). Location-Aware Energy-Efficient Workload Allocation in Geo Distributed Cloud Environment. Journal of Computer Science, 14(3), 334-350. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2018.334.350

Abstract

The proliferation of cloud computing relied on the virtualization of the compute and storage resources and provisioning them dynamically according to users’ needs on a pay-per-use model. Massive cloud providers have geo-distributed cloud data centers to ensure service reliability, availability and satisfy user’s need. Therefore, cloud management systems are necessary to increase the profit of cloud providers and to improve the quality-of service demanded by users. This paper focuses on an energy-efficient method to solve the problem of allocating data-intensive workloads in geographically distributed data centers. The workload’s tasks are characterized by large data transfer times than their execution times. The problem formulated as a nonlinear programming optimization problem. Then, to find an optimal solution to the problem, meta-heuristic genetic algorithm is proposed. The designed heuristic takes into account the cost of the data transfer time from the storage location to the compute servers as well as the workload makespan on the available hosts. Extensive simulations using the CloudSim simulator are conducted to evaluate the efficacy of the proposed allocation method and how it performs with respect to other methods in the literature. Our results show significant enhancements in energy consumption while respecting the user’s QoS.

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Keywords

  • Green Computing
  • Energy Efficiency
  • Geo-Distributed Data Centers
  • Genetic Algorithm