Investigation Open Access

Backpropagation Vs. Radial Basis Function Neural Model: Rainfall Intensity Classification For Flood Prediction Using Meteorology Data

Soo See Chai1, Wei Keat Wong1 and Kok Luong Goh2
  • 1 University of Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Malaysia
  • 2 UNIMAS, Malaysia
Journal of Computer Science
Volume 12 No. 4, 2016, 191-200

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2016.191.200

Submitted On: 18 November 2014 Published On: 15 April 2016

How to Cite: Chai, S. S., Wong, W. K. & Goh, K. L. (2016). Backpropagation Vs. Radial Basis Function Neural Model: Rainfall Intensity Classification For Flood Prediction Using Meteorology Data. Journal of Computer Science, 12(4), 191-200. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2016.191.200

Abstract

Rainfall is one of the important weather variables that vary in space and time. High mean daily rainfall (>30 mm) has a high possibility of resulting in flood.  Accurate prediction of this variable would save human lives and properties. Soft computing methods have been widely applied in this field. Among the various soft computing methods, Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is the most commonly used methodology. While numerous ANN algorithms were applied, the most commonly applied are the Backpropagation (BPN) and Radial Basis Function (RFN) models. However, there was no research conducted to verify which model among these two produces a superior result. Therefore, this study will fill this gap. In this study, using the meteorology data, the two ANN models were trained to classify the rainfall intensity based on four different classes: Light (<10 mm), moderate (11-30 mm), heavy (31-50 mm) and very heavy (>51 mm). The architecture of the neural networks models based on the different combination of inputs and number of hidden neurons to obtain the optimum classification were verified in this study. The influence of the number of training data on the classification results was also analyzed. Results obtained showed, in term of classification accuracy, BPN model performed better than the RFN model. However, in term of consistency, the RFN model outperformed BPN model.

  • 1,533 Views
  • 1,234 Downloads
  • 1 Citations

Download

Keywords

  • Precipitation
  • Classification
  • Backpropagation
  • Radial Basis Function
  • Neural Networks